The links below are mentioned in my episode of In Form and are intended to help anyone that would like to learn more about Sylvia Plath and confessional poetry. Enjoy!

Bellot , Gabrielle December. “On Sylvia Plath and the Many Shades of Depression.” Literary Hub, 1 Apr. 2019,

“A Brief Guide to Confessional Poetry.”, Academy of American Poets, 24 Feb. 2014,

“An Introduction to Confessional Poetry.” Poetry Foundation, Poetry Foundation,

The poetic form I am considering writing about is not typically considered a form, but rather, a genre. However, I will argue the confessional style in terms of the qualities it has.

Confessionals poetry is a deeply personal relationship between the speaker and the self. The specific poem I am…

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Haiku’s are a seemingly simple form of poetry that follow simple mathematical rules and are generally written with nature in mind. The founder, Matsuo Basho, created a compressed form of poetry that “together with haiku’s injunction for plain language weeds our abstractions to unearth images that are fresh and clear.”…

Hi Hayley! I love how how you started your blog post with the quote from Ann Arbor. I agree with what you wrote about how repetition can create new and different meanings. I wrote something similar in my blog post about how the repetition in the ghazal form can lead two different readers to two different interpretations of the same poem. I was wondering what your favorite ghazal poem is so far?

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  • The opening couplet (matla) sets up a scheme rhyme (qafia) and refrain (radif) by having it occur in both lines — this scheme occurs only in the second line of each succeeding couplet
  • Minimum of five couplets
  • Matla — opening couplet
  • Radif — refrain
  • Qafia — rhyme
  • Makhta — signature couplet at the end of the ghazal in which the poet can invoke his/her name pseudonymously
  • Has stringently formal disunity — made up of thematically independent couplets
  • When a poet establishes a scheme, “s/he becomes its slave”
  • Moving any of the couplets or deleting them would not change the meaning of a ghazal
  • Poems seem unstable at first but the repetition (radif) holds them together
  • Formal unity based on rhyme, refrain, and prosody
  • Repetition (radif) allows for each couplet to operate on its own without the poem losing its meaning

Jessica Shine

I am a sophomore psychology major at Siena College. My interests are mental health awareness and athletics. Intended for The Histories of Poetic Forms class.

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